OpenSprinkler Forums Hardware Questions OpenSprinkler Maximum wire length to sprinkler valve

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• #40426

natebarnz
Participant

What is the maximum length of a wire I can run from the OpenSprinkler to a valve?

Thanks
-nate-

#40456

Ray
Keymaster

You can refer to the FAQ, technical question no. 2:
https://opensprinkler.com/faq/#technical

#40467

natebarnz
Participant

Thanks Ray. Do you think it would be possible to use 24 AWG wire at approximately 250ft? I ask because I have some existing cat5 already in place that I could re-route with relative ease to a remote valve.

#40473

Augustin
Participant

Best way, just test it and see exactly if is working or not.
I used under par wires for not very long distances and they are still working after more than 6 months.

#40499

Ray
Keymaster

24AWG for 250 ft is probably ok. One thing you can check is the wire resistance. Use an online calculator to compute the wire resistance, such as this one:
http://www.cirris.com/learning-center/calculators/133-wire-resistance-calculator-table
keep in mind that you need to input the round-trip distance. Typical sprinkler valves draw about 200 to 300mA holding current, and if the voltage drops below 18V AC they are unlikely to stay on. So the resistance shouldn’t be more than (24-18)/0.3 = 20ohm, and it should probably be considerably less than that to allow some margin.

Also keep in mind that it’s really just the common wire and the ground return wire that needs to have as little resistance as possible. You can always use two wires in parallel to effective reduce the resistance in half. The ground return wire is part of the extension cable — among the 8 wires of the extension cable, two are connected together as ground, so it should be sufficient. The common wire is not part of the extension cable, and you should try to keep it a thick wire if you can.

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OpenSprinkler Forums Hardware Questions OpenSprinkler Maximum wire length to sprinkler valve